The Most Common Causes of Bleeding Gums and Gum Disease

Your adult teeth appear between the ages of six and eighteen. By the age of twenty-one, you should have all your teeth, including the wisdom teeth which are the last to appear. These teeth have to last you for the rest of your life. That is why it is essential that you brush twice daily, floss every day, and see your dentist regularly. This will increase the likelihood of issues being spotted early and resolved.

It can help if children see a specialist, such as this peadiatric dentist Sydney, that will ensure they have the best support and create good oral hygiene habits.

One thing that most people will experience at some point in their lives is bleeding gums. There are several reasons why this could happen:

Bleeding gum is one of the most common gum disease

Brushing too hard

The best approach is to brush with your thumb and forefinger on the toothbrush and nothing else. This will prevent you from using too much pressure.

Badly fitted denture

Denture should be fitted by a professional but they do need to be regularly checked as your mouth can change over time. 

Flossing incorrectly

Flossing is important to remove plaque from between your teeth. But, if you do it too hard you can push the floss into your gums, cutting them and making them bleed.

  • Hormone changes- especially during pregnancy
  • Infections – such as gum disease

Gum disease needs to be treated promptly. If it is treated early it can be resolved without any loss of gums or teeth.

flossing incorrectly can cause Gum Disease


Leukemia is a type of cancer and needs urgent medical attention.

This is not an exhaustive list but it is the most common cause of bleeding gums. It illustrates why you should visit your dentist if you have bleeding gums.

Gum Disease

The most common cause of gum disease is simply bad oral hygiene. Gum disease happens when plaque builds up along the gum line. This traps bacteria which can then enter your gums, causing infection. As the infection worsens your gums will bleed and start to recede. Eventually, the teeth will become loose and the infection can pass to the bone, causing tooth loss.

The best way to prevent this from happening is to brush your teeth for two minutes at least twice a day and floss once. But, you should always wait at least thirty minutes after eating before brushing your teeth. If you don’t you are brushing the acids into your teeth and potentially damaging the enamel. These acids are produced by sugar and bacteria in your mouth mixing, the acid is a byproduct that is seriously harmful to your oral health.

Gum Disease

Don’t forget that oral health has now been linked with overall health. Taking care of your oral health will reduce the likelihood of age-related disease and help you to enjoy a high quality of life in your older years.

To reinforce your oral hygiene visit a dentist at least once a year or more often if they recommend it. Your teeth and gums will thank you for it.

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